Company E, 372nd Colored Infantry Regiment
Location: Springfield, Ohio
Nickname: “The Bloody Hand”
Colors: Army Olive, Army Brown, Varsity Red, College Blue
But 20 percent fought in two specially created all-black combat units, the 92nd and 93rd Divisions, under command of white officers.
The 93rd Division comprised four infantry regiments, including the 372nd Colored Infantry Regiment, staffed by 900 men from the 9th Separate Colored Infantry Battalion of the Ohio National Guard.
9th Battalion units from Springfield, Ohio made up the 372nd’s Company E.
In 1918, United States military commanders refused to let black and white Americans fight side by side, but French leaders had no such objection.
So when the 372nd Infantry Regiment arrived in France they were immediately assigned to the 157th Infantry of the French Army—the renowned Red Hand Division—to help fight in the famous Meuse-Argonne offensive.
In two weeks of combat, the 372nd suffered 616 casualties and 107 deaths, but their advance was decisive in ending the war and the entire unit received the Croix de Guerre, France’s highest military honor.
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